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Episode 1808 June 26, 2021

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Audience Questions

Audience QuestionsHour 1

Hour 1 Hour 2 Hour 3
Watch Dave from Redlands, CA Comments

Dave uses iDrive as his main backup option, but he wants to be sure he has a good backup to his backup. This is mostly for his media collection, which amounts to 1000s of songs and DVDs. He has an 8TB hard drive. Leo says there are three kinds of backup ... image backup for quick restore, a standard data backup, and then an incremental backup, which is used for when people update a file and the backup only archives those changes. This could also include versioning. Then once people restore from the full backup, they can then restore the incremental changes as needed. Leo recommends image backups for when he has the computer in a perfect and stabile condition, a standard data backup on a weekly or monthly basis, and then the incremental backup every night, or as a file gets changed. 

What program should Dave use? Leo suggests a synchronization program like SyncThing for the mac. It takes attention to set up, but once he does, it's very reliable for incremental backup and sync. Another option is SuperDuper. He can set it up to schedule either or both incremental and full backups. On Windows, Leo likes Second Copy.

Watch Joey from San Diego, CA Comments

Joey is a huge music fan and he thinks that Apple's new lossless high res audio is awesome. Leo says that 99% of the audience won't really be able to tell the difference, frankly. But those who can are enjoying it. Spatial Audio is Apple's version of surround sound, and it's been around for decades, steadily getting better and better. But it's never really taken off. The spatial component, however, really opens up the sound quality, to be sure, but users need to have an Apple device that supports it, though Apple claims it'll work with any headphones. And if he wants to listen through speakers, he has to have Dolby Atmos decoding built-in. Expect to spend around $400 in upgrades to enjoy it, though. But since Apple is offering it for free, it could be what makes the difference moving forward.

Audience QuestionsHour 2

Hour 1 Hour 2 Hour 3
Watch Alan from Huntington Beach, CA Comments

Alan is a huge Samsung fan but keeps hearing that iPhones are more secure. Is that true? Leo says that they're both very secure, though Android phones are encrypted at the software level, while iPhones use a hardware secure enclave to keep encryption keys. Apple's iTunes store is more secure than the Play store only because it has a tougher standard for approving apps. But if the Pentagon approves Android phones for use, that is a pretty good seal of approval. Having said that, users can "sideload" third-party apps if they turn off the security feature. But at the end of the day, both are very secure. Even then, some things get by both of them. 

Check out for information on how much of one's data is private and how much is available for public consumption.

Watch Scott from Inland Empire, CA Comments

Scott is moving to Belize to retire, but he'll be keeping a business presence in the US. Would Google Voice be a good option for him? How's the WiFi with Google? Leo says that if he wants to keep an American number, a dual sim phone would be a good option. But Google Voice would be a great option because Google can route the call to the Belize phone without anyone knowing. It's the best of both worlds. And in a year, getting internet access from Starlink would mean it really doesn't matter where he's living in this world, he'll have 100MB or better internet access. While it's still in Beta, Scott may even be able to get it now for about $99 a month, plus $500 for the gear. But it may be restricted in Scott's new country. Check out to know for sure.

Watch Kenny from Tenneessee Comments

Kenny has a few Windows computers and was sold the notion that Windows 10 was the last version we would get. Leo says that officially, Microsoft has never really said that, though it's attributed to them. It was a tech analyst who stated it and the media ran with it. But then again, Microsoft didn't correct the record until the announcement of Windows 11. And it's causing an uproar that it won't be supported on anything but the most recent computers. Most are going to be left behind if they don't buy a new computer. But one way to go is a Mac, that will run Windows virtually. That could be the future of Windows. The M1 Macbook Pro runs circles around anything else on the market right now, and there's talk that the next generation M1X is right around the corner. 

Audience QuestionsHour 3

Hour 1 Hour 2 Hour 3
Watch John from St. George, Utah Comments

John thinks he could upgrade his 10-year-old MacBook Pro to make it faster. Leo says those older ones were great because users could upgrade the RAM and hard drives. Nowadays, they're soldered in. But even though he can upgrade it, he won't be able to run the latest OS on it. Is the M1 Mac Mini a good deal at $599? Leo says yes. It's a great machine. He can use a Bluetooth mouse and keyboard when starting up, but it works best with an Apple brand. Leo says that he will be very happy with the M1. It's massively faster and at $600, it's a good deal. What about 16GB of RAM? Leo says 8GB is fine. Will it only run software written for it? Leo says that almost all software developers who are Mac-focused have upgraded, but Rosetta 2 is built-in and it handles everything else quite nicely. 

Watch Lee from Carbondale, IL Comments

Lee wants to know more about DNS addresses and how they are recorded. Leo says that DNS is the actual address of a website or server. When one inputs the URL, it gets looked up and the traffic routed to the DNS address. Are Frontier's DNS settings OK? Leo says they tend to be a bit slower. But nobody needs to use their DNS settings. Try Cloudflare's as the DNS server. It's very fast. is another. Leo uses NextDNS. he replaced OpenDNS with it a while ago because its security is far better. It's free for the first 300,000 queries a month, and then it's a buck a month. Try NextDNS.

Watch Kevin from San Clemente, CA Comments

Kevin is concerned that Facebook opens users up to malware. They seem to know a lot about his family and their online activity. Leo says that it really doesn't, but that doesn't stop them from selling data and activity to advertisers. Leo isn't a fan of their laissez-faire attitude towards privacy, or how people get radicalized on the platform. They collect a great amount of data and sell it. They also push users to put their apps on their phones, so they can use the location data. That's why Leo isn't on the platform now. He doesn't want to support them financially with his data. And he doesn't miss it.

Watch Don from Los Angeles, CA Comments

Don replaced the power supply on his computer, but now it's having trouble seeing the hard drive he pulled out and plugged in using a drive dock. He got it working, but now he's having problems using Windows functions or downloading PDF files. All he did was replace the power supply and hard drive. Leo says it sounds like the installation of Windows 10 has gone bad. It may be a good idea to refresh Windows 10 or flat out reinstall it. It sounds like there are issues with hard drive permissions. So if the data is already backed up, start over. Reformat the drive and then reinstall Windows. If he doesn't want to do that, then he can always type Windows key + RECOVERY and repair it.