Best backup practices and recovering lost data.
Backup and Recovery
Jonathan has three iMacs and he's looking for a backup solution for all of them. He uses SuperDuper for one. Leo says that one choice is an external hard drive for each, but that wouldn't do off site backup. That's why Leo recommends using a centralized Network Attached Storage (NAS) and backup to that. Synology is a good option.
Joanne has a Windows machine and she's getting a message that her hard drive is getting full. Leo says that in Windows, she could see what's taking up space on her computer with the disk clean up utility. She can run disk clean up in Windows and it will wipe out temporary and downloaded files, clear caches, etc. There's also WinDirStat. Leo likes that because it sorts it with color so he can see it at a glance. Then he can choose what to remove.
John wants to know if he can delete the multiple backups on iCloud. Leo says he can manage his iCloud storage and delete the backups, but he'll want to be sure he has another backup on his computer first. Then once he has that done, he's free to delete them. Then he can turn off the backup to iCloud on those other devices.
Rick backs up his computer to Google Drive. How can he make it automatically backup? Leo says Google Drive, DropBox, etc. have a sync folder. He can just put the files he wants backed up in that sync folder and it will backup automatically. He'll have to download the Google Drive app to do it.
What about the Google Pixel? Leo says he loves it. It has a great camera, is snappy, and has a gorgeous screen.
Judy faithfully backs up her data and she has all her data in a master backup folder. She's having issues backing up program install files, though. Leo says that Carbonite should back up everything, but it may not be the default setting to backup install files. If Carbonite says that EXEs won't be backed up regardless, then one option is to ZIP up the file, and Carbonite will back up that file. It would be a good idea to backup her data to two external drives and then take one off site. Then she can swap them every time she does a backup.
Rowan wonders if USB thumb drives are becoming obsolete like so many other data drives before it. Leo says that no format will last forever, but there's still plenty of life left in USB. We need to keep an eye on how technology progresses and transfer the data over when the time comes, though. Rowan will likely be able to get an adapter for USB-C, which is the current standard. The other thing he can do is use an open source backup, like TAR, which will make the backup easily transferrable. The best way is to go into the cloud, though. He should have both.
John upgraded to Windows 10 on his desktop and his images are missing. Leo says this is a prime reason why you should always backup before doing an upgrade. John did, but he's still wondering what happened? Leo says it's been reported by several people and Leo says he hopes the photos were moved to another folder. It's possible that the images are in a 'Windows.old' folder or that the shared folder pointed to another folder that got deleted. Either way, it's bad behavior on the part of microsoft.
Mark wants to get a keyboard for his Android phone. Leo says that any Bluetooth keyboard will work with either Android or iOS. If he wanted to use a wired keyboard, his phone needs to support USB to Go and he would need a special connector. It's a lot easier to go with Bluetooth. Targus makes a good fold up one.
He would also like a report to see what files have been deleted from Carbonite. Leo says that Carbonite won't delete files unless he deletes them locally, which is why they give 30 days to restore them. A backup isn't a backup if he deletes the original.
Mike says that Carbonite has created a new service for an additional $10 for mirror imaging. It's a great value. Leo agrees. Being able to restore from an off site image can be beneficial no matter where he is.
Mike downloaded an app from Downloads.com and now he keeps getting other apps added. Leo says that's why he should never, ever download from a third party site because they always add other stuff. It's how they make money and Leo says it's akin to malware.
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David wants to know how malware effects reinstalling apps. Leo says that once he strips off the malware, he'll have to reinstall his apps. The only way to be sure that he's eliminated the malware is to backup his data, wipe his drive and reinstall Windows. How about an image of the drive? As long as he has a clean image, he could use that. If his computer has malware when he makes the image, he'll just restore the malware. Leo would wipe the drive, reinstall everything, update it all, and then make an image.
Imaging options include: