Backup and Recovery

Best backup practices and recovering lost data.

How Do I Back Up Programs?

TeraByte

Episode 1673

Bill from La Jolla, California

Bill wants to know how to back up his programs when he backs up his data. Leo says don't. It's problematic and rather difficult to do that, plus it'll take up a lot of space. What Leo recommends is to image the drive and use that as a backup. He can then blast it back onto the hard drive whenever he needs. Here are a few imaging programs to try:

Clonezilla

EaseUS

Drive Snapshot

Why is Time Machine backing up everything?

Apple's Time Machine

Episode 1672

George from Victor, Montana

George has a Seagate external hard drive for storing his photos. But when he opens it, he sees everything from photos to files. Leo says it's likely that his Mac is using Time Machine, and it's backing up everything. You have the option to disable the backing of system files and other data. So spend some time in the settings and decide what you want to backup. Once you tell Time Machine what drive you want for backup, then it'll backup regularly. Leo also recommends enabling iCloud.

What Happened to My Bookmarks in Firefox?

Firefox

Episode 1669

Dave from Ridgecrest, CA

Dave uses Firefox and the favorites get lost from time to time. Leo says that can happen if he uses Firefox Syncing. There is a bookmark management tool within Firefox. Open the sidebar and select bookmarks (CTRL+B). He can then search for the bookmark he's looking for.  It's very easy to hide a folder or bookmark by accident. CTRL+B can help him find them again. It could also be that he accidentally deleted them. Dave also uses Time Machine to save to his Western Digital Passport. But now it won't let him back up to it unless he formats the drive.

Do I need an antivirus for my Mac?

MacBook Air

Episode 1666

Theresa from Signal Hill, CA

Theresa is a serious amateur photographer and she wants to know what antivirus she needs with a Mac. Leo says you don't really need one. Apple does some great work in the background to prevent getting a virus. Plus, Mac isn't really that prevalent to attract viruses, and the macOS is very secure. Your best line of defense is your online behavior. Here are a few things to follow:

1. Keep your system up to date

2. Don't click on links in email or open attachments.

3. Only get your software from original vendors.

4. Use a password vault like LastPass

How Can I Get Data Off a Corrupted Drive?

SpinRite

Episode 1659

Ivan from Brisbane, AUS

Ivan has a 2 drive NAS that has files he needs, but the RAID 1 hard drive are reading as corrupted. He believes it is the corruption of one, synced to the other. Leo says that the hardware is probably fine, there's just corruption in the files themselves. But it could be a physical issue making it worth using SpinRite to repair it. However, if the corruption has spread, that points to a software error in the files, not the hardware itself.

What's a good online backup solution?

iDrive

Episode 1647

Chris from Lakewood, CA

Chris recently let his Carbonite expire. Is iDrive an alternative? Leo says that both are good, but they're both advertisers. So to be fair, Leo only does ads for services and products he believes in. But Carbonite is moving towards enterprise backup and might be leaving the consumer end behind. iDrive, by contrast, is ideal for individuals and will allow you to backup anything up to 5TB. =