Best backup practices and recovering lost data.
Backup and Recovery
Joe wants to know if the personal vault feature of OneDrive is easier to use. He's copied and pasted folders into it and finds now that there are duplicates. Leo says that Microsoft apps save things to backup by default. Also, personal vault is encrypted for your security. It won't automatically sync from multiple places, just that my documents folder. Plus, you'd have to unlock it every time you need access.
Terry edits 4K video with his iPhone 11 Pro Max. But when he makes changes, the upload to his iMac is very slow. Leo says that no online backup is going to use all the bandwidth you have to backup. And your upload speed is always drastically lower than your download speed. Leo says that Apple does offer iCloud backup on your mobile phone, but it's only 5GB for free, and the data isn't private. You can buy extra bandwidth, however. Leo recommends also backing up directly to your Mac.
Tim wants to synchronize his data to a backup drive. Leo says that file sync for backup is better than just a conventional backup because it won't duplicate data. How can he do it with iDrive? Leo says that's how iDrive works! Once it does the first initial backup, then it syncs changes.
John needs to do sync and backup of his business. Leo recommends going with Microsoft's Azure service.
Bill wants to know how to back up his programs when he backs up his data. Leo says don't. It's problematic and rather difficult to do that, plus it'll take up a lot of space. What Leo recommends is to image the drive and use that as a backup. He can then blast it back onto the hard drive whenever he needs. Here are a few imaging programs to try:
George has a Seagate external hard drive for storing his photos. But when he opens it, he sees everything from photos to files. Leo says it's likely that his Mac is using Time Machine, and it's backing up everything. You have the option to disable the backing of system files and other data. So spend some time in the settings and decide what you want to backup. Once you tell Time Machine what drive you want for backup, then it'll backup regularly. Leo also recommends enabling iCloud.
Dave uses Firefox and the favorites get lost from time to time. Leo says that can happen if he uses Firefox Syncing. There is a bookmark management tool within Firefox. Open the sidebar and select bookmarks (CTRL+B). He can then search for the bookmark he's looking for. It's very easy to hide a folder or bookmark by accident. CTRL+B can help him find them again. It could also be that he accidentally deleted them. Dave also uses Time Machine to save to his Western Digital Passport. But now it won't let him back up to it unless he formats the drive.
Theresa is a serious amateur photographer and she wants to know what antivirus she needs with a Mac. Leo says you don't really need one. Apple does some great work in the background to prevent getting a virus. Plus, Mac isn't really that prevalent to attract viruses, and the macOS is very secure. Your best line of defense is your online behavior. Here are a few things to follow:
1. Keep your system up to date
2. Don't click on links in email or open attachments.
3. Only get your software from original vendors.
4. Use a password vault like LastPass
Kevin wants to know about getting his data into the cloud. Leo recommends starting with DropBox. But if he has GMail, he already has 15GB of Google Drive for free. Amazon Prime also backs up photos and videos for free.
Ivan has a 2 drive NAS that has files he needs, but the RAID 1 hard drive are reading as corrupted. He believes it is the corruption of one, synced to the other. Leo says that the hardware is probably fine, there's just corruption in the files themselves. But it could be a physical issue making it worth using SpinRite to repair it. However, if the corruption has spread, that points to a software error in the files, not the hardware itself.