Rick upgraded Windows 10 on a secondary drive, keeping Windows 7 on his C drive. Now he has a dual boot option. However, with Windows 7 support going away, how can he make sure he's OK if he has to replace that secondary drive? Leo says it'll authenticate automatically because Microsoft gives an entitlement based on the entire machine, not a hard drive. If he had to replace the motherboard, video card and hard drive, then he'd have an issue. But changing a hard drive won't cause the problems.
Ron hears that he won't be able to use Windows 7 after 2020. Does that mean he can't use his computer? Leo says no. The so-called "end of life" phase, Microsoft won't be updating the operating system with security patches. So he uses it at his own risk online. But if there's something really bad, Microsoft usually puts out a fix. And Leo has a hunch that the 2020 end of life date will be extended.
Leo also says most infections come from out-of-date browsers. So keep the browsers updated. Practice safe online computing. Update the AVS.
Tom wants to know if he can downgrade to Windows 7 from Windows 10 without it upgrading automatically. Leo says that after 30-60 days, that ability has been lost. It makes it really hard to roll back unless he decides in that time frame. The only option is to make a Windows 7 Image and keep going back to it.
Tom was going to buy the Motorola Moto G6, but the G7 came out. That caused the price of the G6 drop by $50. Is it worth buying the G7? Leo likes them. So will there be a huge difference? Not really. There's no need to wait for the G7 to be shipped.
Bryant's mother has a Windows 7 desktop and uses her Verizon Hotspot for internet access. Should she use an easier device? Leo says that Windows 7 was a great version of Windows, but Microsoft will end of life support in 2020. Leo recommends installing Windows 10. Leo also thinks making the switch to a Mac Mini may be a good idea as well. Another option, since she uses GIMP, is to use Linux, if she can handle it.
Kevin has an old laptop and wants to know if he needs Webroot antivirus. Leo says that back in the day, Webroot was very good. But lately, If he's able to update to Windows 10, Windows has its own antivirus called Windows Defender which is very good. Before Windows 10, Microsoft had Windows Security Essentials. Both are essentially the same, and they're free.
Jim is having problems with Windows recognizing his external USB drive. But his image catalog says his images are there. Leo says that many photo gallery apps keep a thumbnail for fast referral. So it could have the thumbnail, but not see the original image, if the drive is disconnected or lost. Leo also says that his external drive could be getting flakey. He should get a backup drive and make a copy of his photos. He should save them online, too. Three copies, on two formats, with one off-site. The good news is that hard drives are cheap now. He can get a 1 TB drive for under $100.
Anthony has Windows 7, and he's started having problems with his keyboard and mouse after a recent update. He tried to talk to Microsoft about it, but the tech told him there was a conflict and the updates it was installing were actually for Windows 10, and it would cost him $300 to resolve it. Leo says whoever that was he was talking to wasn't Microsoft. Leo says in theory that could happen, but Microsoft Update is smart enough to not do that. It should only be installing Windows 7 updates for a Windows 7 machine.
Paul runs a utility to test his router and it always fails for buffer bloat. Should he get a new router? Leo says his does as well. When RAM got cheap, the router manufacturers boosted the RAM and it actually had the opposite effect by slowing down the buffer. Leo's opinion is that buffer bloat is over rated. He can ignore it. Eventually router makers have come to realize that buffer bloat can be handled in other ways. Leo recommends getting a second opinion with Netalyzer.
Roger's Windows 7 desktop PC isn't updating anymore. Have they stopped supporting it? Leo says no, Windows 7 is still supported. Roger may just have a stuck update that's preventing the others from being installed. Here's a tech note from Microsoft on how to clear it.
Terry has a MacBook Air, running Parallels so he can dual boot into Windows. After he upgraded to Windows 10, however, he had to upgrade Parallels and it trashed the drive. So he rebooted and reinstalled everything, and now Parallels wants him to pay for it again. Leo says that somewhere on the drive was a hidden file, perhaps in the application support folder, that has his registration data. So if he formatted the hard drive, Terry lost that data. Leo also says he'll have to reinstall Windows 7 again after installing Parallels.