Jan is trying to fire up an old HP laptop and it's asking for a Windows login password. She doesn't know it. It's Windows 8. Leo says that there are some cracks that can hack your Windows 8 login. But you need to be careful that you aren't making the problem worse with malware. If you don't need the data, the easiest would be to wipe your laptop and reinstall Windows. Then, if you have a backup, you can just restore it.
Ken is using Windows and wants to connect some audio hardware to do some audio recording. But he's having trouble connecting via ASIO. It just hisses. He uses Reaper and Pro Tools. Leo isn't surprised that Pro Tools doesn't work with it. It's rather old. Reaper can handle it, so it isn't a limitation of Windows. So it must be that Pro Tools doesn't support ASIO. But it may support the native drivers instead.
If you are trying to play Microsoft Flight Simulator 2020, you are going to need a very powerful gaming machine to run it. The classic flight sim, now updated for the current age, is one of the most demanding computer games out there, and most laptops are not going to cut it. Be prepared to put down lots of cash for a laptop or (better yet) desktop that can bring out those beautiful photorealistic visuals. You may not want to purchase the game without first owning a PC strong enough for it. But you can also wait until the Xbox Series X/S release in Summer 2021.
Bob wants to know where Windows Media Player stores his music files on his old computer. He has no idea. Leo says you can use the manage file memory command. Ideally, it'll be in the music folder. Then, to start using iTunes, you can add the folder into the iTunes Library. But make sure you check the "let me manage my music" option in iTunes settings. Once that's done, you can connect your phone via USB and then sync. You may also have to convert them to mp3 because your phone won't play WMA files. What's a lot easier is to use iMazing.
Thurman has several programs that are 16 bit. How can he run them? Leo says that there used to be a feature in Windows that would do that. But it's been taken out. So Herman will have to run a virtual version of an older version of Windows. VMWare is the best. QEMU is an emulator that can also do it.
If you're going to be multitasking with your laptop or desktop, it is best to boost RAM as high as you can afford. If you can, upgrade the random-access memory on your existing machine or choose the highest sensible option when buying a new computer. With more memory, you can have more tabs open while browsing, you can edit larger files, etc. 4GB is the minimum for Windows 10, but it will probably result in frustration eventually. Linux actually runs better with a small amount of RAM, alternatively. Also, don't forget to replace a spinning drive with an SSD.
Nick's computer has been really slow when he's online. Leo says that almost always, you can point to a failing spinning hard drive as the culprit. Generally, the best recommendation is to take the spinning drive out and replace it with a solid-state drive (SSD). It's usually a simple thing to do, but it depends on your computer or laptop. It's also pretty cheap to do at around $100. Another thing to try is to backup your data and reinstall everything, formatting the hard drive. That will certainly eliminate what Leo calls "Kruft," that causes the computer to slow down.
The less you spend on a computer, the more likely it'll break. Go for the higher-end Pro/business-grade model because the hardware will be better and won't get frustrating early down the road. The computer you want is close to $1500 to $2000...unless it's a Chromebook. We all need to reset our expectations for Windows and Mac products. Overall, it's gonna cost more than you wanna pay, but it'll be worth it in the long run. If money is especially tight, a Chromebook refurbished with some DIY upgrades could also work out.
Damon gets a popup message "PDF Printer not initialized" when he tries to create a PDF in Windows. Leo says that a PDF printer will simulate a printer to create a digital document, and it sounds like Windows may have broken it in a recent update. Type Windows+KS to go into Windows features (or Windows key, type Windows Features). Turn it off. Then on. Then look for a check box for printing to PDF. Turn it off. Then go back in and turn it back on. That will reenable the Windows Print to PDF drivers.
If you have yet to buy your first computer, you will want to have a specific purpose upon finally receiving or buying one. Having a purpose will drive motivation, fun, and gratification while also building other computer skills in the process. A nice choice for a computer newbie would actually be an Apple iPad, which is only $329 and relatively easy to navigate. From there, your understanding can translate to other computer operating systems like macOS or even Windows. Avoid old laptops though, as troubleshooting and sluggishness will frustrate you more than necessary.