Nick's computer has been really slow when he's online. Leo says that almost always, you can point to a failing spinning hard drive as the culprit. Generally, the best recommendation is to take the spinning drive out and replace it with a solid-state drive (SSD). It's usually a simple thing to do, but it depends on your computer or laptop. It's also pretty cheap to do at around $100. Another thing to try is to backup your data and reinstall everything, formatting the hard drive. That will certainly eliminate what Leo calls "Kruft," that causes the computer to slow down.
Warrick wants to know if he should defrag before he transfers data from one drive to another. Leo says no. He won't need to do that, especially with an SSD. There is no defrag on an SSD because it doesn't work like a spinning drive. Also, copying data from one drive to another just copies the data, not the drive sectors. So in a way, he is defragging simply by copying.
Carman is worried that his new SSD will wear out over time as flash memory does. Leo says that modern SSDs use "wear leveling" to keep the SSD even and extend the SSD's life. It's gotten so good that they can last as long or longer than a spinning hard drive. So there's nothing to worry about.
Ed wants to upgrade his desktop to make it run faster. He also wants to tune it up. Leo says it's a good idea. Give it a good cleaning/dusting, reseat the thermal paste, put an SSD drive in it and maybe add more RAM. Just a little tune-up and it'll work fine for years to come.
Gabe bought a new desktop computer last week, and he wants to know what SSD he should put in. Leo says to see if your computer supports MVNE. M.2 is a specific physical socket that looks more like RAM, rather than an SSD drive slot. But M.2 is still an SSD. Samsung EVO is very good. Leo tried out a cheaper Sabrent drive, and it works fine. So it comes down to what your desktop supports and then go with that. If it's PCI, then go with PCI 3. That's the fastest.
Larry has an old 2015 MacBook Pro with a 256GB SSD. It's not enough for his Raw Photo storage. Should he get an external hard drive or replace the internal one? Or maybe get a RAID? Leo says it's not that hard to replace the SSD in that 2015 MacBook pro. It's just a few screws, and MacSales.com has videos showing you how to do it. Getting an external may be OK, but it's not Thunderbolt 3, so it won't be as fast as internal. Leo also recommends learning about 3-2-1 backup from DPBestFlow.org. Leo also recommends backing up the photos online. Google Photos is a great place to do that.
Larry is looking for a bitlocker type program for his Mac. Leo says that Mac has its own encryption built-in called FileOS. But if you want to encrypt a USB key, then a third-party app may be a better option. Samsung sells large portable SSDs in 1 and 2TB that come with the encryption included for both Windows and Mac. It's built-in. VeraCrypt is another. And it's free.
Mark's Mac Air is slowing down and he wants to know if there's an app like SpinRite that can run them. Leo says that sold state drives (SSDs) use TRIM, or wear leveling to keep your SSD in good shape. It doesn't need to be defragged directly. But it will trigger the controller to run the TRIM utility. Search for TRIM in macOS. But it should happen automatically. If your OS is older though, you may need a third-party app to do it.
TRIMFORCE Enable is the command you can use in the terminal. That could speed it up.
G. Scott installed an SSD into his computer and it's booting up faster by a factor of ten. Leo says that's because of faster drives and that's what SSDs buy you. But he's been restoring up the older drive using OneDrive and it's taking a long time. Leo says that's because it's working in the background. But it's also duplicating files. Leo says that's annoying. G. Scott may want to try using the OneDrive app. It may eliminate the duplication since OneDrive identifies files using a hash. If it sees a different hash, it knows it's been changed.
Nancy has T1 drive encryption on her Samsung 1TB hard drive, but she can't see it on her laptop. Leo says she has to install special drivers that will modify the OS to encrypt the hard drive. But Leo doesn't like a third party having that kind of control. Since she had it on her old hard drive, she is aware and still has the password. So she'll have to re-download the software from Samsung. She can get it here.