If you're going to use antivirus software, you may want to choose something other than Kaspersky. While Leo believes Eugene Kaspersky, the CEO of Kaspersky Lab, is a great person, his company is Russian and may be prone to manipulation or seizure by the Russian government/military. In any case, Leo simply recommends excellent alternatives with less baggage. While we don't know for sure what goes on with companies like Kaspersky or Huawei, it's best to err on the side of caution.
Neil bought a Helm email server on Leo's advice. He also bought a domain through Hover to use with it. This is a home email service, and the idea is that you put your email on a server that runs in your own house instead of trusting a service like Google to handle it. Neil is wondering how to back the device up. Leo says one of the things he gets for $99 per year is that Helm backs it up over the internet. What's cool is that the contents of the email on the local server is encrypted with a key that only Neil has access to. Helm even provides a secure USB key to decrypt the backups.
Bob wants to know what he can do with an older MacBook Pro that can no longer be updated. Leo says he could possibly use Linux on it, but only a few installs will work with Mac hardware. Kubuntu and Xubuntu are examples. He could also continue to run it as is and just use it as something else, like a file server, or he could donate it.
Edwee wants to create a server using Raspberry Pi. Leo says that the Raspberry Pi is very cheap at $35, but it can do a lot of great things. It uses Raspian OS, which is like Linux. There are some network attached storage operating systems that the Raspberry Pi can run, including NextCloud and OwnCloud.
Vic uses vSpace servers to monitor activity on his VPN networks for his medical company. How can he see that activity online? Adding the HIPPA compliant information that Vic needs is also a challenge. Leo recommends calling NComputing, the makers of vSpace and getting them on the issue.
Greg wants to know how fast his website should load. Leo says that studies show that if the website doesn't load within 5 seconds, people assume it's busted and move on. Often the delay is due to being on a shared server to save money. If the company puts too many sites on a server, and they likely will, or if one site takes up most of the bandwidth, then the rest suffer. The site itself could also be the problem.
Thomas wants to host a Minecraft server for his friends. Is port forwarding secure? Port forwarding is where you tell the router to send traffic coming in from a specific port to a certain machine. This limits a little bit of the potential damage from opening up a server to the outside world, but it will ultimately depend on that Minecraft server to be secure. It's important that Thomas keeps his Minecraft server secure and up to date. If someone can figure out how to get around his network via the server, he could infect his network.
Rob's site has been down for 3 consecutive days and he needs a better hosting provider. The chatroom came through with several suggestions of better providers: