Edwee wants to create a server using Raspberry Pi. Leo says that the Raspberry Pi is very cheap at $35, but it can do a lot of great things. It uses Raspian OS, which is like Linux. There are some network attached storage operating systems that the Raspberry Pi can run, including NextCloud and OwnCloud.
network attached storage
Dave bought a five drive Synology NAS. He was having trouble with parity checking and so he had to go turn off services in order to get through it all. He should also use the Synology Connection System, which is a lot easier.
Angelo bought a Toshiba Laptop with Office 365 and One Drive backup in 2013. When he started to back it up to the cloud, he bought a second computer and now he's lost a lot of data because files were removed when syncing to the secondary computer. So it's deleting files off his original computer. Microsoft doesn't know what to do about it. Leo says that's a good reason to have more than one backup. One Drive is not a backup. It's a file sync system that matches two folders, or two hard drives to make them equal. That means syncing deletes as well as copying files.
Bob wants to buy a Synology NAS and discovered that it doesn't come with hard drives. Leo says that's correct. That way he can put in the right hard drive for his needs. If he's going to stream a lot of video, he'll want a faster hard drive. It isn't a cheap NAS.
Dave wants to know if his old RAID hard drives can be read by his computer. Leo says it depends. If mirrored, maybe. They're identical. But maybe not. He shouldn't make any assumptions. Dave should copy the data off it and then he can take each of them and put them in their own enclosed drives, or use a new array like Synology. Synology also does a disk check periodically to keep it healthy. When he puts them in, they'll check the hard drives as they are building the raid.
Tim took Leo's advice and bought a Synology networked attached storage drive. Leo says that with what he can do with it, it's well worth the cost. Tim has several legacy NAS's and wants to know how to mount them to the Synology and move the data over. Leo says that Synology has an external connection, letting him do drive to drive copies from the command line.
Richard had Seagate Lyve, which would enable him to backup all of his photos to a Seagate hard drive or its Lyve unit. Then Seagate shut it down in December. Leo has moved to Synology and it works great. It even has a photo station program that does exactly the same thing as Seagate Lyve. There is even an Evernote server. It's not cheap, though. A good open source option is FreeNAS.
Paul says ever since he upgraded his router, his Mac's NAS doesn't connect. Leo says to drag the NAS out of the Finder side bar, and then remount it. Then he can add it back to his Finder. Paul should also look for "Connect to Server" under the "Go" menu. He can figure out his IP address for the server by browsing to it. It may also mean that the router is blocking it.
Lawrence has an issue with backing up his four computer's media files. Leo advises going with network attached storage that all four computers can access, and then back that up. Most NAS servers have software which will work with a variety of off-site cloud backup services like Carbonite.
Seth wants to set up a home media server for a friend. He has an array of hard drives that connect via Thunderbolt and wants to share those with everyone else in the house. Can he do that or does he have to migrate to a separate NAS? Leo says that a Home Media Server is a kind of NAS that can be an older computer or even a hard drive that runs Apple Media Player or even Windows Media Player. In fact, many routers can do this as well. Apple's Airport can do this. But the best idea is just to get a Network Attached Storage and run the home media server software that comes with it.