Kevin has a domain name and he can't get his registrar to respond to him. Leo says he'll need to contact ICANN. They are the governing body, and there he can submit a dispute demanding that he get his domain back. According to the WHOIS, the company he'll need to contact is Tucows. They are probably the new owners of that registrar.
Lee wants to know how to register his domain and DNS so he knows he owns it. Leo says that ICANN is a non-governmental organization that handles the DNS "phone book." They maintain 13 main DNS name servers, and his domain name needs to be on one of those servers. He'll have to go to a registrar that's been approved by ICANN. GoDaddy is one such registrar, but Leo isn't a fan of it. He prefers Hover. If he wants to change registrars, he can do that. But he'll have to jump through a hoop or two to do it.
Mike is frustrated with two domain registry companies that claimed they owned his domain when he cancelled their service. Leo says that's nonsense. They don't own it, he does. But as soon as he stops paying for the registration, the domain goes back into the pool for anyone else to buy. The worst part is that domain registrars will often register a name based on search activity. Leo recommends Google and Hover for domains. They don't want a bad reputation for shenanigans like that.
Ed is transferring his domain to another host but he can't change his email, which is part of the original domain host URL. Leo says that some domain registrars offer email privacy features. Leo says he's going to have to call the original host and tell them he wants access to his domain and email so he can transfer it. Clearly they're making it more difficult than it needs to be.
Chris wants to get a domain name for a specific country. Leo says that the international organization called ICANN approves registries and country codes for all domains. Leo suggests Google searching for the domain registry for his country code. Any registrar will work if they support registering the country code he wants.
AmericaRegistry.com is a good place to start. But he may run afoul of laws pertaining to that country. Brazil, for instance, requires a Brazilian tax ID to buy a domain with their country code.
Leo says that the US hasn't "controlled" the internet for awhile. It's free, public, and open. What it did do is pull out of ICANN, the naming organization that provides all domain names and URLs. Leo doesn't think that's a big deal, though.
The US has pulled out of ICANN, the Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers. Some are worrying that without the US watching over it, bad things will come. Leo says that Vince Surf, the father of the Internet, believes that no single country or organization should actually control the Internet. So having a more global Internet is a good thing.