Chip listens to iHeartRadio on an internet radio called the Logitech Squeezebox. He's recently lost a lot of stations after an update, though. Leo has a hunch that many of those stations simply dropped out of streaming because of the cost of bandwidth for every single listener who is tuning in. It's a completely different model than broadcast because there's a hard cost. Its more like magazine publishing. But it could also be that iHeartRadio could be blocking the station.
Dave wants to improve the video streaming on his computer. Will an updated video capture card work for that? Leo says no. It really comes down to his internet connection speed. The GPU doesn't even come into the mix, as it's just blasted onto the screen. So the only way to improve the streaming is to improve his bandwidth. That means he'll have to pay for faster internet.
Ted is having trouble with his Wi-Fi. Leo says that's not really the fault of his network so much as it's just congested from everyone else's networks and activity. Also, Ted is streaming 4K video and that takes a lot of bandwidth. It may be that Ted's ISP just isn't giving him the bandwidth he needs to consistently get a good stream. On top of that, anything they publish gets cut in half when streaming via Wi-Fi and with the congestion and the bandwidth, that's quite a challenge to overcome.
Caesar and his family all use iMessage because they all have iPhones. When he shares videos, though, the quality is terrible. Leo says that the network is trying to save bandwidth. It's better to upload the videos to YouTube and then share a link. He could also share a link via iCloud. The better solution would be to get everyone to use WhatsApp.
Terri got satellite internet and she used up her peak time cap watching TV. Leo says that the problem with satellite TV is that it has very limited bandwidth and as such, it can limit the amount of bandwidth she'll use. Is there a way she can download Netflix programs to do it?
Scott is having issues with his downloads being inconsistent and slow. Leo says that ISPs usually use the phrase "up to" in their claims, and that's usually with the ideal conditions. Leo says that uploading can also slow down his internet access. How does uploading slow him down? Leo says that servers require acknowledgement that his traffic is coming through, so if he's downloading while his data is being backed up, it has to wait for its turn to upload that acknowledgement. This is why Carbonite uses very little upload bandwidth and why it takes so long to back up with it.
Marilyn says that her internet carrier is trying to charge her extra for bandwidth. She uses Dish. Leo says that satellite internet has bandwidth caps because it's very constrained. Leo only recommends satellite when there's no other choice. He recommends going to DSLReports.com. They have ISP reviews by geographic area. If there's nothing else in her area, Marilyn would be much better off going with LTE wireless.
Newt is getting a new Apple TV from his son, who says it doesn't work for him. Leo says it should if he has internet. Newt says that their internet just isn't good enough to handle video streaming. He's also using up all his data. Leo says that doesn't have anything to do with Apple TV, it's just lousy internet. It's capped internet at that.
Earl wants an unlimited data plan. Leo says that Sprint and T-Mobile both offer unlimited data plans. If he's not ready to jump to another carrier, he can save data by managing the settings in his iPhone. If he has iOS 8 or later, he should look under his usage settings. He can disable cellular data for individual apps.
Jim lives in a remote area and he uses LTE as his main internet connection with a 10GB package. He'd like to set up a video security system to check with his cell phone. But since he's hotspotting, he can't use an ethernet connection to communicate.