Jeri has made the shift to writing and is doing a memoir about her life as a pilot. But she's concerned about backing up her data. Leo says it's wise to be concerned. Having a local backup is a good start, but bad things can happen when you least expect it. So Jeri will want to have an off-site backup as well. Leo says having three copies, in two different formats, with one off-site is the way to go. That's called a 3-2-1 backup strategy, and it's based on DPBestFlow by Peter Krogh.
Bill has thousands of images on CDs. Is that the safest way to keep them? Leo says Bill wants to get them all in the cloud ASAP. Burned CDs can oxidize and stop working over time. Sometimes within a year. So he wants to have other options, including putting them online.
Carl is a photographer who is worried about getting his data should he have to "bug-out" during a disaster like the fires that have hit California. Leo says that it's a good idea to use a third party backup like iDrive to back up data, and use a NAS like Synology as well. Follow the 3-2-1 backup strategy (three backups, two different formats, one off-site) to protect the files. Especially as a professional. He can also have an external drive to save them on a 1 TB SSD or spinning drive would work.
Jerry is a photographer and wants to know more about backing up his photos. Leo says it's best to adopt a 3-2-1 backup strategy. Three backups, two different formats, one off-site or in the cloud. Check out DPBestflow.org for details.
Theresa is a serious amateur photographer and she wants to know what antivirus she needs with a Mac. Leo says you don't really need one. Apple does some great work in the background to prevent getting a virus. Plus, Mac isn't really that prevalent to attract viruses, and the macOS is very secure. Your best line of defense is your online behavior. Here are a few things to follow:
1. Keep your system up to date
2. Don't click on links in email or open attachments.
3. Only get your software from original vendors.
4. Use a password vault like LastPass
Larry has an old 2015 MacBook Pro with a 256GB SSD. It's not enough for his Raw Photo storage. Should he get an external hard drive or replace the internal one? Or maybe get a RAID? Leo says it's not that hard to replace the SSD in that 2015 MacBook pro. It's just a few screws, and MacSales.com has videos showing you how to do it. Getting an external may be OK, but it's not Thunderbolt 3, so it won't be as fast as internal. Leo also recommends learning about 3-2-1 backup from DPBestFlow.org. Leo also recommends backing up the photos online. Google Photos is a great place to do that.
Phil has noticed that Carbonite's backup fees keep going up, and they seem to be more focused on business plans lately. Leo says that business is where the real money is, but Carbonite is still doing consumer backup plans. But if Phil has several cloud-based hard drives, does he really need it? Leo says that's only something Phil can answer. But if Phil is a photographer, he really needs to back up his data using a 3-2-1 backup strategy. Three backups, on two different forms of media, one off-site.
Jim is having problems with Windows recognizing his external USB drive. But his image catalog says his images are there. Leo says that many photo gallery apps keep a thumbnail for fast referral. So it could have the thumbnail, but not see the original image, if the drive is disconnected or lost. Leo also says that his external drive could be getting flakey. He should get a backup drive and make a copy of his photos. He should save them online, too. Three copies, on two formats, with one off-site. The good news is that hard drives are cheap now. He can get a 1 TB drive for under $100.
Don wants to know if imaging is the way he should be backing up. Leo says that imaging is good for creating a version of his computer that is frozen in time, so he can just reload it. After that, he should be making incremental backups of his data. Leo advises three backups, on two different formats, with one off site. And if he has versioning, that's even better.