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Episode 1841 November 6, 2021

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Audience Questions

Audience QuestionsHour 1

Hour 1 Hour 2 Hour 3
Watch Anthony from Lakewood, CA Comments

Anthony collects old computers and donates them to people who can't afford to buy new PCs. But he has some really old ones that can only really run Windows XP. The problem isn't Windows, per se, but the browsers. Leo says yes, browser developers aren't updating their support for XP. So people can't get online with old browsers anymore. 

So what can he do with them? Leo says that hardware that can no longer support modern windows are ideal candidates for Linux. Leo says that Puppy Linux, Damn Small Linux, and XUbuntu are versions that are designed for old hardware. And since Anthony has no budget to support his project, Linux becomes very attractive, since it's open-source.

By making a Linux setup customized to be easier to use, Anthony can provide them a viable option for those who can't afford a more modern system.

Another option is to put ChromeOS on them and turn them into defacto Chromebooks. It'll depend on the hardware, but it's doable. Check out NeverWare's CloudReady. That option is really good for kids who need a computer for school. Most schools use Chromebooks these days, making them not only ideal but locked down.

Watch Kevin from Porter Ranch, CA Comments

Kevin's DirecTV drops his local stations a lot. How can he complain about it? Leo says to complain to local stations. They're likely demanding a lot more money than DirecTV is willing to pay to carry the channels. A better option anyway, is to get an antenna and watch local channels over the air. The HD is uncompressed, and if Kevin's within range of the antennas at Mount Wilson, he can get a much better picture anyway. Check out and for a list of channels in the area and what antenna is best to use.

Another option is to use YouTubeTV. $65 a month and he can get built-in DVRs for up to five people, local channels, and the advantage of being able to watch YouTube without commercials. They also have a free trial. 

Audience QuestionsHour 2

Hour 1 Hour 2 Hour 3
Watch Micah from Maine Comments

Micah wants to know what Leo thinks about DirecTV Stream, their new streaming service. Leo says that Stream originally didn't have all the features of regular DirecTV. But it's catching up quickly. Sadly though, it's not cheaper than regular cable or even DirecTV. So he's not saving anything streaming. And he usually has to pay for higher-tier internet as well. So he may end up paying more. And it doesn't seem like the FCC is interested in doing anything to correct the ongoing monopoly problem. 

Micah also wants to make room on his iPhone 6s. Leo says that there's a setting in iOS to offload unused apps. That'll save him a little bit. But he also wants to be sure he's backing up images to the cloud with Google Photos. It will then upload them and delete the photos automatically. But eventually, Micah won't be able to update the iPhone 6s, as iOS is going to be leaving it behind soon. So it may be time to upgrade soon, once it's no longer viable. 

Watch Kenny from Tennessee Comments

Kenny has updated to macOS Monterey recently. He tried to run it from an external drive, as a backup. But he found that it wouldn't read the drive, and the install fails. Leo says to make sure the drive is formatted for APFS. The chatroom says there's a workaround to format the drive with the old macOS Extended Journaled, and then boot into the installer. It will then convert the file system to APFS and install Monterey. That's weird and sounds like it could be a partition issue. Leo also says it could be a security issue to make sure that the drive is signed by Apple. He should also want to make sure it's optimized for flash storage. 

Watch David from Santa Clarita, CA Comments

David has been an AOL customer since the mid-90s. Now that he has a new Mac, he wants to move away from AOL. Leo says that almost everyone has a Gmail account, so if he wants a free option, it's viable. But Leo prefers to pay for his email client and recommends FastMail. How does he get his email off AOL? Micah says that Apple Mail will let him get it off and archive it. Choose file, export mailbox. Then he's good to go. 

Watch Deborah from Laguna Beach, CA Comments

Deborah's husband passed away recently and his old iPad has been locked. How can she get it unlocked? Leo says she has to convince Apple to do it. The idea is to protect data from people should their devices get stolen. It gets locked after ten password tries. It's called Activation Locked. If she has proof of purchase, they should be able to unlock it. But only Apple can. 

Mikah says that Apple has the ability to search from previous orders. If she can get them to search for the purchase by his Apple ID, that will suffice and they should be able to unlock it. Apple also has a legacy feature, where users designate a legacy contact that will give Apple the ability to unlock devices and Apple accounts for those they leave behind.

Audience QuestionsHour 3

Hour 1 Hour 2 Hour 3
Watch Jim from Glendale, CA Comments

Jim's Samsung phone only shows 10 WiFi hotspots, when he knows that there's more. Leo says that Samsung highly customizes their Android experience, and it's likely they are just limiting the options to the channels he's most likely to connect to. Not every visible WiFi signal is useable, and they are just filtering those out. 

Jim also wants to know how to stop his Phone from swiping from the bottom to activate Google Assistant. Leo says to look in the settings under gestures. He should be able to turn it off.

Watch Brad from Colorado Springs, CO Comments

Brad doesn't understand why his old work appears on his Caller ID. He's changed jobs and cellphone carriers two times and it still appears that way. Leo says that Caller ID should be generated by the carrier, and since Brad uses an MVNO, it's likely they don't have access to the carrier database. But he could just turn off the caller ID in the properties. Brad could also request a new SIM card. 

Brad could also try moving to Verizon, changing the Caller ID, and then porting back to another carrier.

From the chatroom - It appears, HE CAN'T change it. Forum post here.

Watch Lex from Richmond, VA Comments

Lex wants to know what he can do with an old mobile phone. Leo says that over time, cell phone companies gradually phase out support for older technologies. GSM, CDMA, and others have already been turned off. 3G phones will be turned off soon as well. Then LTE will be phaserd out. And phone manufacturers will also stop updating the operating systems, making them a security threat. So eventually, the phone will stop working as a phone. But he could use them as a handheld computer with WiFi. Or a media player. 

Can he root it? Leo says he can. Search XDA Developers on how to root a mobile phone. Search by the phone model. Rooting will at least keep it alive with security patches.

Watch Joy from Reno, NV Comments

Joy is using GoDaddy as her business email provider, which is using Microsoft Office 365. Should she move to a paid service? Leo says he prefers to separate his email from his website service provider. It's cheaper that way, and he suggests either Gmail for free, or FastMail if she wants to pay for it. It'll be much cheaper than being upsold by GoDaddy.