Audience Questions

Audience QuestionsHour 1

Hour 1 Hour 2 Hour 3
Watch Jim from Yucca Valley, CA Comments

Jim lives in a remote area and he uses LTE as his main internet connection with a 10GB package. He'd like to set up a video security system to check with his cell phone. But since he's hotspotting, he can't use an ethernet connection to communicate.

Leo says there are options including Verizon's 4G LTE Router. It's a resell, though, of NetGear's model. Verizon may resist that, however, because they don't want people to use their cellphone plan as a main internet connection.

Other options include Karma Go, which would give him a 'pay as you go' plan. But the more he uses, the more likely they will throttle him. Which is crazy because there's a definite niche market here. Jim should also ask Verizon about "Home Fusion." It will give him an ethernet connection as well as LTE. It's the best of both worlds.

Both Google and Facebook are developing rural internet options including Google's Project Loon (balloons) and Facebook plans to deploy hundreds of solar powered drones for rural internet access.

As for cameras Jim could use, Leo says there are plenty that can be set up to only turn on when detecting motion. This would cut back on the amount of bandwidth they use. Leo uses Axis cameras.

Watch Matthew from Virginia Comments

Matthew wants to upgrade either to an LG G3 or a Samsung Galaxy Note 4. Leo says both are great options, but they're a generation behind. The LG G4 and Samsung next gen Galaxy Note will be out by March. And if he goes with the LG G3 or Note 4, they may get stuck in Android Marshmallow due to carriers.

Of those, though, Leo says the Note 4 is a better option because he can get a backup battery. Apple may be announcing a smaller iPhone based on the iPhone 5s size called "iPhone 5se.
It would be as fast as the modern iPhones, though, and would cost less.

Watch Barry from San Diego, CA Comments

Barry uses a Chromebook to transfer his images to an external hard drive, but now he can't open it in Windows. Leo says that issue may be that the Chromebook formatted the hard drive in a format that Windows doesn't recognize. It's likely formatted in a Linux format, like EXT 2 or 3. Barry can get an extension to Windows that will be able to translate it. Check out Ext2FsD.

Audience QuestionsHour 2

Hour 1 Hour 2 Hour 3
Watch JC from Sherman Oaks, CA Comments

JC has been going through a lot of routers lately, and they just don't perform as promised. Leo says that you get what you pay for and the cheaper routers don't get their firmware updated all that often, if at all. Also getting a dual band router that can run at either 2.4 Ghz or 5 Ghz is beneficial because the 2.4 Ghz is very crowded.

Leo's recommendation is the Asus brand. It uses DD-WRT, which is an open source firmware that is constantly being updated. The Asus AC3200 is the best out there. There's also the Asus AC5300. So it depends on how much JC wants to spend.

Watch David from Venice Beach, CA Comments

David is having trouble with a Windows 10 computer he built that won't shut down or go to sleep. Leo says he has a Skylake laptop that has the same problem. He has a hunch that there's a power management bug in Windows 10 that has to do with drivers. It's likely that the motherboard drivers aren't handling Windows 10 power management like they should. One hopes that they will fix it quickly, but Microsoft hasn't been able to solve it so far. They're calling it a "difficult computer science problem," and it has to do with even Microsoft's own hardware.

Watch Marylin from La Mirada, CA Comments

Marilyn has her phone plugged in and it's still losing power. Leo says that runaway software that doesn't close out can cause it as it's always checking for updates. One thing she can do is shut it down and turn it back on to charge it. Plug it in, and then turn it off.

Another option is to put the phone into Airplane Mode. That will turn all the antennas off and prevent it from communicating. But with it being less than a year old, Leo has a hunch that it could be a broken charger or something wrong with the phone. Leo says that a high speed charger will charge it faster because it is more powerful. She should replace the cable. And if all else fails, she may need to reset the phone to factory default.

Audience QuestionsHour 3

Hour 1 Hour 2 Hour 3
Watch Scott from Malibu, CA Comments

Scott has an iMac and MacBook Air and he is concerned about upgrading to El Capitan because it may break some of the software he uses. Leo says he should always upgrade to the latest. The upgrade is really easy to do and it doesn't break many utilities. He could roll back if there is an issue, but Leo says he probably won't have to. Some really old software may have issues, but that's only if the software is reliant on the old Rosetta interface, which Apple killed a long time ago. So anything written in the last few years won't be an issue.

Scott is thinking about getting a set of Bose speakers. Leo says that he'll either like Bose or not. And if he likes it, then it's a good, albeit expensive choice. Another option is JBL's Extended range speakers or B&W's Zeppelin series. Getting it with Bluetooth is the best option, but a dock will do as well.

Watch Don from Fallbrook, CA Comments

Don is calling to discuss wireless spectrum and the way it is managed. Don doesn't think most Americans really know what's happening with the sale of wireless spectrum. Leo says we own the spectrum, the air above us is property of the American people. But there has to be some way of managing it so everyone doesn't use the same frequencies. So the FCC is chartered by congress, among other things, to manage spectrum. They've determined what radio stations are on what frequencies, and that has worked for almost a hundred years now. It's also very lucrative for the federal government, though, as they auction off spectrum. Most recently they had a big auction for the 700mhz spectrum, and the lower the number the better that spectrum is. Lower spectrum signals are more capable of getting through buildings, so it's very valuable to cell networks.

Don is a production sound mixer who uses wireless microphones, and they cannot use anything from 700 to 800mhz. And now they're talking about using anything from 600mhz will be used for internet services. Leo says one of the things that the FCC is doing, which is probably a good idea, is moving away from analog. Amateur radio operators use both analog and digital, and are moving more into digital now. One of the reasons the FCC had that 700mhz band is because they took it from TV stations after the FCC told them to go digital. Analog broadcast television would use a lot more spectrum. So while spectrum is not infinite, it can be much more efficiently used as digital as opposed to analog. The FCC is very much in favor of moving as many people as possible to digital so they can jam more content into a smaller space.

These airwaves are our property, so it's reasonable to license transmissions. The FCC does have unlicensed spectrum, like the 2.4 Ghz, which is great because that's when amazing innovation happens like Wi-Fi. But there also needs to be regulated spectrum, so there's a tension between individual rights and social good.

Watch Ellie from Honolulu, HI Comments

Ellie heard about that constant temperature mug as her coffee always cools down too quickly. Leo says that the Ember isn't cheap but if it can keep your coffee at the temperature you want, it may be worth it in the long wrong.

Ellie also likes this new device called Blumoo, which enables you to control all your home theater devices from your mobile device. Leo says that would be cool because anyone who has a home theater has more remotes than they ought to. But you have to pay for a device that you can plug all your devices into. It's $100, which isn't bad because a Logitech Harmony all in one remote is just as much, if not more.

Watch Marty from Newton, MA Comments

Marty is a HAM Radio operator and he wants to create a podcast in a round table format with his friends. What does he need? Leo says that Marty should have a mic for each user and a mixer. One thing Leo likes is the Behringer XR16 Rack Mounted Mixer, which will enable him to wirelessly mix his mics with his iPad or iPhone and it automatically turns up whoever is talking. It has effects, real time equalizer, bus EQs, along with 4 Shure SM58s. That's an ideal system for under $1000.

Watch John from Long Beach, CA Comments

John bought a Samsung Galaxy tablet and he's having trouble wirelessly printing due to a print spooler error. Leo says that a print spooler is computer storage to spool out the document so that the printer can handle it. If the spooler is broken, that means the print driver is broken. So John should download the latest driver, uninstall his current one, and reinstall it. That should solve it.