The 'Heartbleed' bug that has affected most of the internet's popular websites has exposed usernames and passwords along with other secure certificate data. Even after a site has fixed this bug, it's still essential for everyone to change their passwords because the data could have been intercepted before the site was patched. This is a great opportunity to create more secure passwords, and to start using a password vault like LastPass.
OpenSSL is a widely used protocol for providing secure internet traffic. The "Heartbleed" bug takes advantage of a hole in OpenSSL to peer into the memory of SSL servers. It can allow a hacker to ping 64K of random memory repeatedly, thereby allowing them to glean usernames and passwords, and even fake a server certificate.
Neil got the Motorola Moto X and he loves it. Leo says that from a functional point of view, it's a great phone. The voice controls are great. Neil says that the Google Now's capability of always listening freaks him out, though. Leo says that there's no worry about that. It's very passive. It's not sending what he's saying up to the server, that would be crazy. It just listens for him to say "OK Google Now." When it gets that, it knows to wake up.
Trevor signed up for additional storage on Google Drive and wants to encrypt his data. Leo says that a lot of the value of Google drive is lost if he encrypts it. But many people are concerned with hackers and the NSA seeing everything. Leo says that encryption is a good way to give him peace of mind. TrueCrypt is a free program that allows him to scramble any file and then move it to Google Drive. It will be unreadable to everyone, as long as he uses a good strong password.
April 8 marked the end of Microsoft's support for Windows XP; an operating system that's still very popular and widely used. Windows XP will no longer be updated, but that doesn't mean it can't be used safely. Here are some things you can do to keep Windows XP secure:
Suzanne's mother has a Windows XP machine and she's wondering what she should do after April 8. Leo says that Microsoft ending life of support for XP really isn't as terrible as it was first believed. If she practices safe computing, her mother should be ok. Here are a few things she can do to protect herself on Windows XP:
Bobby wants to know what Anti Virus he should use. Leo says that AVS software isn't as important as behavior. If he's very careful with his online behavior, then having an antivirus is a good last line of defense. But if he isn't being safe online with his behavior, AVS really won't save him from himself.
Here's what Bobby should do:
Walt and is using an old server as a home computer. He uses Alarms.com to monitor his home security system, and it works wired. But when he changes over to the wireless configuration on the camera, one of his cameras will not connect.
Leo says that there may be a DHCP conflict that's preventing it, or the password based security is the issue. He should try turning off security on the router to see if it works. It may be the older camera can't be supported with the newer security standard used by the router.
Billy is getting a new Windows 8 desktop and wants to be sure he sets it up with the proper security. Leo says that Microsoft is now bundling Windows Defender (formerly called Security Essentials) with Windows 8, so he'll be protected as long as he keeps it up to date. There are other things he can do to protect yourself more, though:
The most recent leak from Edward Snowden is about an NSA program called "Quantum." The Intercept, a publication created to release this information, claims that this quantum tool weaponizes the internet. It is a malware tool that can infect machines at an industrial scale exploitation. The agency has malware tools that could infect millions of computers worldwide that allows them to eavesdrop on the computer's owner. It can covertly record audio from the computer microphone and take pictures from the computer webcam.