Next week, Sam will be test driving the new KIA Nero. It's an electrified vehicle, which is different from an electric vehicle. And there's also an electrified hybrid that offers some electric propulsion but isn't completely electric. That kind of propulsion varies. The Nero has an electric motor that runs alongside the engine, and one that charges the batteries and regenerative braking. But it still needs gas to power the main engine. A plugin hybrid has a larger battery and can drive about 15-40 miles, but once depleted, relies on gas.
Tesla founder Elon Musk has announced a new Roadster and an electric semi truck. Elon made a lot of money in his youth by creating an e-payment system that eventually merged with Paypal. He then used that money to fund a couple of other ventures, including SpaceX, with plans for colonizing Mars in the next ten years or even sooner. The other company he founded was Tesla which started with the Model S electric car. He then added other models like the Model X and more recently the Model 3.
Sandra hears that the lithium ion batteries in Tesla cars aren't recyclable and that Tesla simply dumps them in the ocean. Leo says that isn't accurate. They are recycling, but they can be difficult to recycle because if they're exposed to the air, the inside of the batteries can catch on fire. They are recyclable and it takes about a decade or two before they will be replaced. By then, the recycling technology will have improved as well.