Chris always gets a question about whether you need filters or not, and if you do, what filters do you need? Chris says that there are some you need, and some you don't. The two you need include the polarizing filter and a neutral density filter. The Polarizing filter gives you better color, but takes away some light. It's good in bright, direct sunlight, making it great for the beach. It works much like those polarizing sunglasses. What about a circular polarizer? Chris says that these have two layers, one with lines and one with a circular array.
Chris says that Wide Angle Photography is somewhat of a lost art. Going as wide as possible can give a weird look to your image if you tip the camera one way or the other because of lens distortion. This can make shooting wide a challenge, especially if you're shooting architecture. It's called "falling lines." How you can avoid this is to step back farther and go more telephoto to achieve the same look. Or you can change your perspective. Go higher up, which will mean you won't have to tilt your camera as much.
Joe is a photographer and he wants to be able to key out the background and replace it. He wants to be able to do this in real time so he can show the client the photo with the keyed background. Leo says the first step is to tether the camera to a laptop so it'll show the image on a screen right away. That means he'll be adding a radio transmitter or something to his camera and a receiver on the laptop. Then he'll need software like Lightroom that could do this.
Chris is going to Lake Baikal, Siberia, which is the largest fresh water lake in the world. It should be a great photo safari. This week, Chris takes questions from the chatroom:
1. Can I take apart a point and shoot camera to clean it? Chris says you could, but you need to know what you're doing. You'd have to be well practiced so you don't brick it. Better to have it professionally cleaned. Do the dust specs show up? Chris says not necessarily. Chances are, it's just messing with your OCD.
Chris says that if you're seeking to shoot sports photography, having a fast camera with a fast lens actually makes a difference. That's why DSLRs are usually the best. And shooting on burst mode is a good idea.
Also, be comfortable. If you're comfortable when you're shooting, you can shoot longer. That means comfortable clothes. Dress warm in the winter and cool in the summer.
Chris spent the morning taking pictures because it was a clear, crispy day with unique light conditions that enabled taking a picture with no shadows or contrast. It's also ideal because it takes away saturation, making the colors muted and almost black and white. It's a muted image. A nice, dreamy counter point to the usual images. It's a great way to get out of your comfort zone, and that's a great way to grow as a photographer.
Jim would like to scan slides into digital and then add metadata to them. Is there an app that can do that? Leo says that there are plenty of EXIF editors that can do that for him. EXIF Pilot is free. Leo also recommends using Google Photos which can do a lot of what Jim is looking for automatically.
This week's super power is post processing. Once you get your image, you can process it in software to improve it. There's way more headroom in the shot that will allow you to push your image to make it all it can be. Look for the shadows, mid tones and highlights. It works best in RAW, but it can work in JPEG as well.
This week Chris joins us to talk about how you can develop photographic super powers! Since the 4th just happened, the best place to start is how to shoot fireworks! Fireworks require a tripod because you need an exposure of about 10 seconds. You have to set your camera to manual, though. Automatic won't work. You should get a remote release that allows you to trip the shutter without touching the camera. Set the shutter for 10 seconds, aperture at f11, ISO at 100. That's a good place to start. Then check if it works and adjust accordingly.