Chris says that sometimes you need to "heal" an image to make the image better. The cloning brush in Photoshop, Lightroom, or any other photo editing app is ideal for healing areas of a subject you'd rather not be there. The cloning tool uses pixels from another part of the image, and clones it to the destination. But it's best used sparingly. There is also a healing brush, which will adjust the color and brightness of the cloned pixel, to that of the destination. If you hold down the shift key, the edge gets feathered. And it's non destructive if you don't like it.
Chris has been pushing Leo to spend a weekend just shooting with the 50mm lens. It's a great lens. Why?
1) It's boring. It's not a special lens, so it forces you to compose better pictures. It's great for remembering the basics.
2) 50mm f1.8 or below gives you more light, and lets you take more natural photos.
3) Better image quality, and bokeh (that out of focus background to make your portraits so good)
4) You can add a few extension tubes and make it into a great macro lens.
For today's photo tip, Chris has a few ideas on how to take a great picture out of an airplane window. The problem is that airplanes have windows that aren't photo friendly. They are double-paned, scratched, and probably dirty. Even in the best conditions, the windows are bent and create reflections and distortions. You can cut out reflections by using black cloth behind you, though. The closer you are, the less chance you have of seeing reflections. Distortions, though, are another challenge. You can shoot at a slight angle in the hopes of compensating, but it's a challenge.
This week, Chris wants to talk about Tilt-Shift photography. Tilt-Shift is where a photographer makes things look smaller, like a toy, with sharp center and out of focus edges, like shooting a macro shot. You can do it by using a specially designed lens that will shift off the focal plane. LensBaby is best known for their Tilt-Shift lenses, but Chris says it isn't strictly Tilt-Shift. They start at around $700 for a cheap one. So think buying used, or even renting it.
Chris joins us to talk about whether there's a difference between Canon, Nikon, or any others. Chris says not really. It really comes down to preference, comfort, and usefulness. If you already have an investment in lenses, it makes sense to stay in that family. But if you are just getting into photography, then mirrorless is a great place to get started because it's smaller, lighter, and the quality is still the same.
Chris says that no matter what camera you have, these tips will help someone get a better picture. Point. Think. Shoot. Have a clear subject. How does the subject relate to the photo within the space? Spacing can vary within a frame and can tell the story in and of itself. Balance is important and when one changes the balance of a photo, it can actually change the feeling of the image. Balance also makes a photo more pleasing to look at. If photographers have several subjects in the frame, how do they manage the space between them? Do they know each other? Are they family?
Chris says that smartphone cameras have gotten so good that most people are leaving their DSLRs at home. To that end, Chris says there's some great apps that can help make your smartphone pictures be all they can be.
This week, Chris wants to go back to basics and talk about contrast. Contrast is light and dark in a picture, and the larger the difference, the more contrast you have. Using contrast can make a subject stand out, or disappear, depending on how you use it. You can also use "color contrast," which will create contrast based on the colors in your image and on your subject. You can also use image contrasts, like an old person and a young person. Hot and cold in the same image. Natural and artificial. Architecture vs. Nature. Contrast is everywhere.